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4. E-safety and health and safety


Candidates should be able to:

explain why personal data should be kept confidential

  • describe how personal data can be gathered by unauthorised persons (including: by smishing, vishing, phishing and pharming), and how this might be prevented
  • discuss why e-safety is necessary
  • describe malware issues (including: Trojan Horse, worms, spyware, adware, rootkit, malicious bots, ransomware)
  • describe a range of potential health issues that could arise from using IT
  • describe a range of safety issues relating to the use of IT

Signature based detection


What’s the difference between antivirus and anti-malware?


Compare and contrast

Still, there are key differences between antivirus and anti-malware software that go beyond semantics. What differentiates antivirus and anti-malware companies are the types of malware they specialize in and how they deal with them.

Antivirus usually deals with the older, more established threats, such as Trojans, viruses, and worms. Anti-malware, by contrast, typically focuses on newer stuff, such as polymorphic malware and malware delivered by zero-day exploits. Antivirus protects users from lingering, predictable-yet-still-dangerous malware. Anti-malware protects users from the latest, currently in the wild, and even more dangerous threats. In addition, anti-malware typically updates its rules faster than antivirus, meaning that it’s the best protection against new malware you might encounter while surfing the net. By contrast, antivirus is best at crushing malware you might contract from a traditional source, like a USB or an email attachment.



What is Sandbox detection
New type of threat detection control is needed which allows files that have not been seen before to execute in a virtualized, safe environment to determine if malware is present. This type of control is called a sandbox.









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